How to build a well-structured Cloud Database: Step to Step Guide

Everything around the globe is getting digital, and the workflow goes online through a cloud database. If you want to efficiently deal with and manage the customer's information like customer contact or name and keep the work sorted and organized, building a well-structured cloud database will be helpful. To design a database, you need to understand the requirement and purpose of building a database. Gathering necessary information is mandatory before constructing an online database. Data could be gathered through interviews and analysis of business forms. List the types of data that you want to store, like name, address, product's name, etc. This will help you later in identifying the things and people by their name and address easily.

Structure of Database

To configure the visual representation of your cloud database, it is necessary to understand the structuring of relational databases. While structuring a database, related data is organized and grouped into one table. The table consists of rows and columns like a simple spreadsheet. The list of information is then added to the tables sorted by its entity like products, sales, name, and orders.

The rows of the database tables are known as records that keep the information about something or someone, like a product or customer. Whereas the columns are known as attributes that contain the information of a single type like the customer contact. The appropriate data type is given to the specific piece of information or column to keep the data consistent. Tables are not directly added to the diagram of the database. The data appears in the form of boxes with the title describing it.

What is Data Normalization?

Data normalization is the process that provides a structured approach to organizing the database. Normalizing the data will help you to reduce the sacking of data and ensure that only related information is added to the table. Data normalization reduces the data redundancy while adding, eliminating, or updating the data. A normalized database allows the application to run simple and complex workflows easily without generating difficult-to-handle records. Databases not only benefit normalizing the data but also are app builders. There are three steps of data normalization through which you can build a normalized database.

Adding primary key to a database table

A unique primary key is necessary to have while building a database or data normalization. Each database contains a key to represent each row differently. This will help build relationships in the database. These relationships may include one to one, one to many, or many to many relationships. The primary key could be an arrangement of unique characters or any number ID.

Splitting the database into simple and small tables

Splitting the database into small tables is considered the best practice. Adding functionally dependent information into their tables along with its primary key is preferable for data normalization. Creating different tables to contain the necessary information reduces data redundancy in the input of normalize data.

Configuring relationships between different tables

When you have created two separate tables of customer information and orders, it will pave the way to creating one-to-many relationships. The customer table could be used as a parent table that contains information about customers like customer contact or age. The orders table could be used as the child table. This will allow the single customer to have multiple orders. The relationships in the table normalized are described as one-to-one, one-to-many and many-to-many relationships.

One-to-one relationship

The relationship is said to one-to-one when there is one instance of entity A, and one instance of entity B. One-to-one relationship entails that you are combining the information of two tables into a single table normalized. If there are any optional data in the orders table normalized containing description and that is blank for many records. You can move the optional data to their table, removing the space that also improves the performance of the database.

One-to-many relationship

When the record in one of the normalized tables is linked to multiple entities of the other normalized table, the one-to-many relationship is built. Like one customer has ordered multiple products, then the one-to-many relationship will occur. To build this relationship, add the primary key as an attribute in the other table from one side of the relationship. Presenting the primary key in another table is known as a foreign key.

Many-to-many relationship

When multiple entities of one table are associated with the multiple entities of another table, then the many-to-many relationship is built. For example, it could happen in student and class cases as a student can attend multiple classes and a class has multiple students. T is not possible to directly implement this relationship in the database instead, you have to divide it into different one-to-many relationships.

Rules of normalizing the data

To have a normalized database, there are specific rules for normalization that ensures the perfect presentation and organization of your data.

First normal form. The first normal form is represented as 1NF. It specifies that each cell of the table should contain only one value instead of having a list of values. Moreover, there should be no repeated or related attributes.

Second normal form. The second normal form is represented as 2NF. It focuses on the attributes being fully dependent upon the key. Attributes should be directly associated with the key, not through any indirect attribute.

Third normal form. The third normal form (i.e., 3NF) adds up the requirement that every non-key column should be independent of another column. If the value of one non-key column is changed, the value of the other column should remain the same; otherwise, the third normal form rule will not meet.

FAQs

How do you create a cloud database?

Cloud database building is the procedure of normalizing the data. Through this process, the data is organized in a planned way which we call the normalize data. It benefits not only by normalizing the data but also as an app builder. First of all, the requirement for data normalization is to sort out information that you want to add to the database. The sorted data contain all the essential data added to the tables characterized as customer tables or orders tables. Creating tables with specific keys for specific entities helps to identify and figure out the content available in tables. With the development of tables, you can make relationships in a cloud database that could be one-to-one, one-to-many, or many-to-many relationships.

How do you structure data in a database?

Data is structured into the database in tabular form that comprises rows and columns. The rows of tables are called records containing information about customers or orders. At the same time, the columns of the table are called attributes that contain information about the customers or orders like orders tables. SQL online databases or Excel files could be considered as an example.

Does Google have a relational database?

Google possesses three relational database options that include Cloud SQL, Cloud Spanner, and Bare Metal Solution. Cloud SQL provides managed databases on Google that reduce maintenance costs and provide automated back-ups and storage capacity management. Cloud spanner is specifically built to assist relational databases with a non-relational scale. In comparison, the bare metal solution provides hardware to run specific workloads on the Google cloud.

Does Google offer a database?

Google has a platform that provides one-of-a-kind database systems. The online database possessed by the Google cloud is Cloud SQL, Cloud Spanner, and Bare Metal Solution.